Help Prevent the Spread of the Human Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
Understand what this new strain of the human novel coronavirus is and how we can help prevent the spread of coronavirus infections.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses ranging from the common cold to much more serious diseases and can infect both humans and animals, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The new strain, first identified in Wuhan, China in January 2020, is related to two other coronaviruses that have caused outbreaks in recent years: Middle East respiratory syndrome, also known as MERS, and severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS.
Coronavirus Symptoms & Disease
According to the Government of Canada, patients with confirmed the novel coronavirus infections (2019-nCoV) have reportedly had mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms of:
- Shortness of breath
Symptoms of the novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure. This is based on what has been seen previously as the incubation period of MERS viruses.
How Coronavirus Spreads
Human coronaviruses most commonly spread from an infected person to others through:
- The air by coughing and sneezing
- Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
- Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
- Rarely, fecal contamination
Coronavirus Infection Prevention and Treatment
Always conslit your doctor for medical advice. There are currently no vaccines to protect you against human coronavirus infections, but, by doing the following, you can help to reduce your risk of infection:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
Additionally, if you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following:
- Stay home while you are sick
- Avoid close contact with others
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
- Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces
If you have travelled to the province of Hubei, China and:
- visited a live animal market
- had contact with live or dead animals (including raw or undercooked animal products)
- had contact with a sick person who had fever, cough, or difficlity breathing you may have come in contact with the 2019 Novel Coronavirus. If you develop fever, cough, or difficlity breathing in the next 14 days, call your health care provider or local public health authority , tell them of your symptoms and that you were travelling in the province of Hubei, China. They will provide advice on what you sholid do.
Can Clorox® Products Help Prevent Coronavirus?
The disinfectant products listed below have demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) on hard, non-porous surfaces. These products are expected to be effective against 2019-nCoV when used as directed. For more information, refer to canada.ca/coronavirus.
Clorox® Products you can use
- Wipe surface to be disinfected
- Keep surface visibly wet for 15 seconds
- Let surface dry
- For highly soiled surfaces, clean excess dirt first.
- For items that come in contact with food or mouths (like baby bottles or toys), rinse with warm water and let air-dry.
- Turn sprayer to 'ON' position.
- Spray 15-20 cm from surface until surface is completely wet.
- To disinfect, let stand for 1 minute.
- For food contact surfaces, rinse with potable water.
- Pre-wash surface
- Apply a solution of 80 mL [(1/3 cup)] per 3.8 L of water.
- To disinfect, allow surface to remain wet for 5 minutes.
- Rinse thoroughly, and air dry. For items that come in contact with food or mouths (like baby bottles or toys), rinse with warm water and let air-dry.
Visit the PHAC website for the latest information on coronavirus infections or outbreaks, and a flil list of best practices for coronavirus treatment. For more information, or any additional questions, you can call the Government of Canada Coronavirus information line: 1-833-784-4397.